How to Find Complex Roots of the Quadratic Equation?

Complex roots are the imaginary root of quadratic or polynomial functions. In the following guide, you learn how to find complex roots of the quadratic equation.

How to Find Complex Roots of the Quadratic Equation?

The complex roots are a form of complex numbers and are represented as \(α = a + ib\), and \(β = c + id\). The quadratic equation having a discriminant value lesser than zero \((D<0)\) has imaginary roots, which are represented as complex numbers.

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Step by step guide to complex roots of the quadratic equation

Complex roots are the imaginary roots of quadratic equations that are represented as complex numbers. The square root of a negative number is not possible and hence we convert it to a complex number. The quadratic equations having discriminant values lesser than zero \(b^2-4ac<0\), converted by the use \(i^2=-1\), to obtain the complex roots. Here \(-D\) is written as \(i^2D\).

Complex roots are expressed as complex numbers \(a±ib\). The complex root is consists of a real part and an imaginary party. Complex roots are often shown as \(Z=a+ib\). Here \(a\) is the real part of the complex number denoted by Re \((Z)\) and \(b\) is the imaginary part denoted by I’m \((Z)\). And \(ib\) is the imaginary number.

Note: \(i^2= -1\), and the negative number \(-N\) is represented as \(i^2N\), and it has now transformed into a positive number.

Complex Roots of the Quadratic Equation – Example 1:

Find the complex roots of the quadratic equation \(x^2+3x+4=0\).

Solution:

The roots of the quadratic equation \(ax^2+bx+c=0\) is equal to \(\frac{-b\pm \sqrt{b^2-4ac}}{2a}\)

Here \(a=1, b=3,c=4\). Applying this in the formula we have the roots as follows:

\(x_{1,2}=\frac{-3\pm \sqrt{3^2-4\times 1\times 4}}{2\times 1}\)

\(x_{1,2}=\frac{-3\pm \sqrt{9-16}}{2}\)

\(x_{1,2}=\frac{-3\pm \sqrt{-7}}{2}\)

\(x_{1,2}=\frac{-3\pm i\sqrt{7}}{2}\)

Thus the two complex roots of the quadratic equation are:

\(x=\frac{-3+i\sqrt{7}}{2}\) and \(x=\frac{-3-i\sqrt{7}}{2}\)

Exercises for Complex Roots of the Quadratic Equation

Find the complex roots of the quadratic equation.

  1. \(\color{blue}{x^2-6x+13=0}\)
  2. \(\color{blue}{3x^2-10x+15=0}\)
  3. \(\color{blue}{x^2+4x+5=0}\)
  4. \(\color{blue}{x^2-3x+10=0}\)
This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is answers.png
  1. \(\color{blue}{x=3+2i, x=3-2i}\)
  2. \(\color{blue}{x=\frac{5}{3}+\frac{2\sqrt{5}}{3}i,\:x=\frac{5}{3}-\frac{2\sqrt{5}}{3}i}\)
  3. \(\color{blue}{x=-2+i, x=-2-i}\)
  4. \(\color{blue}{x=\frac{3}{2}+\frac{\sqrt{31}}{2}i,\:x=\frac{3}{2}-\frac{\sqrt{31}}{2}i}\)

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