How to Identify Relations and Functions

How to Identify Relations and Functions

This article teaches you how to identify Relations and Functions in a few simple steps.

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Step by step guide to Identify Relations and Functions

A relation is a collection of ordered pairs (known as inputs and outputs) such as \((x, y)\). A function is a relation with only one output for each input.

An ordered pair \((x, y)\) is a set of inputs and outputs representing a relationship between the two values.

The input is an independent value, and the output value is dependent, as it depends on the value of the input.

We can show relations using a set notation { }, using a table, or plot it on the \(xy\)-axis.

The domain of a function is the complete set of possible values of the independent variable (usually \(x\)).

The range of a function is the complete set of all possible resulting values of the dependent variable (usually \(y\)) after we have substituted the domain.

Relations and Functions Example 1:

Is the relation given by the set of ordered pairs below a function?

g={(6, 12), (3, 6), (7, 20), (6, 15), (9, 27)}

Solution:

The relation is not a function. Input 6 has two outputs: 12 and 15. Remember that in a function, the input value must have one and only one value for the output.

Relations and Functions Example 2:

Determine if the following relation is a function. Then state the domain and range.

x-53571112
y025152124

Solution:

The relation is not a function.

The domain is all the \(x\)-coordinates: {-5, 3, 5, 7, 11, 12}

The domain is all the \(y\)-coordinates: {0, 2, 5, 15, 21, 24}

Relations and Functions Example 3:

Determine if the following relation is a function. Then state the domain and range.

Solution:

The relation is a function.

The domain is all the \(x\)-coordinates: {3, 4, -5, 9}

The domain is all the \(y\)-coordinates: {10, 7, -6, 25}

Relations and Functions Example 4:

Determine if the following relation is a function. Then state the domain and range.

Solution:

The relation is not a function. Input 9 has two outputs: 15 and 22. Remember that in a function, the input value must have one and only one value for the output.

The domain is all the \(x\)-coordinates: {1, 6, 9, 11}

The domain is all the \(y\)-coordinates: {5, 15, 16, 22, 25}

Exercises for Identifying Relations and Functions

Determine if the following relations are functions. Then state the domain and range.

1) g={(1, 5), (2, 6), (3, 7), (5, 10), (6, 20), (10, 35)}

2)

x-10-505-1015
y-20512320

3)

4) f={(-2, 3), (7, 5), (5, -4), (-2, 10), (10, 15)}

1)The relation is a function.

The domain is all the \(x\)-coordinates: {1, 2, 3, 5, 6, 10}

The domain is all the \(y\)-coordinates: {5, 6, 7, 10, 20, 35}

2)The relation is not a function. Input -10 has two outputs: -2 and 3.

The domain is all the \(x\)-coordinates: {-10, -5, 0, 5, 15}

The domain is all the \(y\)-coordinates: {-2, 0, 5, 12, 3, 20}

3)The relation is not a function. Input 7 has two outputs: 15 and 18.

The domain is all the \(x\)-coordinates: {5, 6, 7}

The domain is all the \(y\)-coordinates: {15, 16, 17, 18}

4)The relation is not a function. Input -2 has two outputs: 3 and 10.

The domain is all the \(x\)-coordinates: {-2, 7, 5, 10}

The domain is all the \(y\)-coordinates: {3, 5, -4, 10, 15}

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