# How to Scale a Function Horizontally?

Horizontal scaling means stretching or shrinking the diagram of function along the \(x\)-axis. In the following guide, you will learn how to horizontal scaling.

Horizontal scaling refers to the shrinking or stretching of the curve along the \(x\)-axis by some specific units.

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## A step-by-step guide to horizontal scaling

Horizontal scaling means stretching or shrinking the diagram of function along the \(x\)-axis. The horizontal scale can be done by multiplying the input by a constant.

Consider the following example:

If we have a function,\(y=f(x)\), the horizontal scaling of this function can be written as: \(y=f(Cx)\).

**Note:**

- If \(C>1\), the graph shrinks.
- If \(C<1\), the graph stretches.

### How is a graph scaled horizontally?

**Step****1:**Select a constant with which we want to scale the function.**Step****2:**Write the new function as \(g(x)=fC(x)\), where \(C\) is the constant.**Step****3:**Trace the new function graph by replacing each value of \(x\) with \(Cx\).**Step****4:**\(X\) coordinate of each point in the graph is multiplied by \(±C\), and the curve shrinks or stretches accordingly.

### Horizontal Scaling – Example 1:

Horizontally stretch the function \(f(x)=x+2\) by a factor of \(2\) units.

## Exercises for Horizontal Scaling

- Horizontal scaling of function \(f(x) = sin x\) by a factor of \(-3\).

- Horizontal scaling of function \(f(x) =x^2+3x+2\) by a factor of \(4\).

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