How to Add and Subtract Decimals

How to Add and Subtract Decimals

Learn how to add and subtract decimals in a few simple steps.

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Step by step guide to add and subtract decimals

  • Line up the numbers.
  • Add zeros to have the same number of digits for both numbers if necessary.
  • Add or subtract using column addition or subtraction.

Adding and Subtracting Decimals – Example 1:

Add. \(1.5 \ + \ 2.14=\)

Solution:

First line up the numbers: \(\begin{array}{r} &1.5\\ +\!\!\!\!\!\!&2.14\\ \hline \end{array}→ \) Add zeros to have same number of digits for both numbers. \(\begin{array}{r} &1.50\\ +\!\!\!\!\!\!&2.14\\ \hline \end{array} \), Start with the hundredths place. \(0 \ + \ 4=4\), \(\begin{array}{r} &1.50\\ +\!\!\!\!\!\!&2.14 \\ \hline \end{array} \\ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ 4\) , Continue with tenths place. \(5 \ + \ 1=6\), \(\begin{array}{r} &1.50\\ +\!\!\!\!\!\!&2.14 \\ \hline \end{array} \\ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ .64\). Add the ones place. \(2 \ + \ 1=3\), \(\begin{array}{r} &1.50\\ +\!\!\!\!\!\!&2.14 \\ \hline \end{array} \\ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ 3.64\)

Adding and Subtracting Decimals – Example 2:

Subtract decimals. \(2.56 \ – \ 1.15= \begin{array}{r} &2.56\\ – \!\!\!\!\!\!&1.15\\ \hline \end{array} \)

Solution:

Start with the hundredths place. \(6 \ – \ 5=1\), \(2.56 \ – \ 1.15= \begin{array}{r} &2.56\\ – \!\!\!\!\!\!&1.15\\ \hline \end{array} \) continue with tenths place. \(5 – 1=4\)
\(\begin{array}{r} &2.56\\ – \!\!\!\!\!\!&1.15 \\ \hline \end{array} \\ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ 0.41\), subtract the ones place. \(2-1=1\), \( \begin{array}{r} &2.56\\ – \!\!\!\!\!\!&1.15 \\ \hline \end{array} \\ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ 1.41\)

Adding and Subtracting Decimals – Example 3:

Add. \(2.5 \ + \ 1.24=\)

Solution:

First line up the numbers: \(\begin{array}{r} &2.5\\ +\!\!\!\!\!\!&1.24\\ \hline \end{array}→ \) Add zeros to have same number of digits for both numbers. \(\begin{array}{r} &2.50\\ +\!\!\!\!\!\!&1.24\\ \hline \end{array} \), Start with the hundredths place. \(0 \ + \ 4=4\), \(\begin{array}{r} &2.50\\ +\!\!\!\!\!\!&1.24 \\ \hline \end{array} \\ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ 4\), Continue with tenths place. \(5 \ + \ 2=7\), \(\begin{array}{r} &2.50\\ +\!\!\!\!\!\!&1.24 \\ \hline \end{array} \\ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ .74\) . Put the decimal point and add the ones place. \(2 \ + \ 1=3\), \(\begin{array}{r} &2.50\\ +\!\!\!\!\!\!&1.24 \\ \hline \end{array} \\ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ 3.74\)

Adding and Subtracting Decimals – Example 4:

Subtract decimals. \(4.67 \ – \ 2.15= \begin{array}{r} &4.67\\ – \!\!\!\!\!\!&2.15\\ \hline \end{array} \)

Solution:

Start with the hundredths place. \(7 \ – \ 5=2\), \( \begin{array}{r} &4.67\\ – \!\!\!\!\!\!&2.15\\ \hline \end{array} \\ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ 2 \), continue with tenths place. \(6 \ – \ 1=5\), \( \begin{array}{r} &4.67\\ – \!\!\!\!\!\!&2.15\\ \hline \end{array} \\ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ .52 \), put the decimal point and subtract the ones place. \(4 \ – \ 2 =2\), \( \begin{array}{r} &4.67\\ – \!\!\!\!\!\!&2.15\\ \hline \end{array} \\ \ \ \ \ \ 2.52 \)

Exercises for Adding and Subtracting Decimals

Add and subtract decimals.

1. \(\color{blue}{ \begin{array}{r} &15.14\\ -\!\!\!\!\!\!&12.18\\ \hline \end{array} }\)

2. \(\color{blue}{ \begin{array}{r} &65.72\\ +\!\!\!\!\!\!&43.67\\ \hline \end{array} }\)

3. \(\color{blue}{ \begin{array}{r} &82.56\\ +\!\!\!\!\!\!&12.28\\ \hline \end{array} }\)

4.\(\color{blue}{ \begin{array}{r} &34.18\\ -\!\!\!\!\!\!&23.45\\ \hline \end{array} }\)

5. \(\color{blue}{ \begin{array}{r} &90.37\\ +\!\!\!\!\!\!&56.97\\ \hline \end{array} }\)

6. \(\color{blue}{ \begin{array}{r} &45.78\\ -\!\!\!\!\!\!&23.39\\ \hline \end{array} }\)

Download Adding and Subtracting Decimals Wksheetor

  1. \(\color{blue}{2.96}\)
  2. \(\color{blue}{109.39}\)
  3. \(\color{blue}{94.84}\)
  4. \(\color{blue}{10.73}\)
  5. \(\color{blue}{147.34}\)
  6. \(\color{blue}{22.39}\)

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