# Decimal Dynamics: How to Evaluating Numerical Expressions with Decimals

Decimals are a way of representing fractions using numbers and a dot.

When we come across math problems with decimals, it’s important to handle them correctly to get the right answer. In this guide, we’ll learn how to solve math expressions that have decimals in them.

## Step-by-step Guide to Evaluating Numerical Expressions with Decimals:

**1. Understand the Expression: **

Read the math expression carefully. Look for operations like addition (+), subtraction (-), multiplication (×), or division (÷).

**2. Line Up the Decimals:**

When adding or subtracting decimals:

– Write the numbers vertically.

– Make sure the decimal points are in a straight line.

– Add or subtract as you would with whole numbers.

**3. Multiplying Decimals:**

When multiplying:

– Multiply the numbers as if they were whole numbers.

– Count the total number of digits to the right of the decimal point in both numbers.

– Place the decimal point in the product so that there are as many digits to its right as the total you counted.

**4. Dividing Decimals: **

When dividing:

– Move the decimal point in the divisor to make it a whole number.

– Move the decimal point in the dividend the same number of places.

– Place the decimal point in the quotient directly above where it appears in the dividend.

**5. Check Your Answer: **

Once you’ve solved the expression, look back to make sure your answer makes sense.

### Example 1:

Evaluate: \(2.5 + 3.75\)

**Solution: **

Line up the decimals and add:

“`

2.5

+3.75

——

6.25

“`

The answer is \(6.25\).

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### Example 2:

Evaluate: \(4.2 × 3.1\)

**Solution:**

Multiply as if they were whole numbers:

“`

42

×31

—–

42 (42 × 1)

126 (42 × 3)

—–

1302

“`

Since there are two digits in total to the right of the decimal points in the original numbers, the answer should have two digits to the right of its decimal point: \(13.02\).

## Practice Questions:

1. Evaluate: \(5.6 – 3.4\)

2. Evaluate: \(3.5 × 2.2\)

3. Evaluate: \(7.8 ÷ 2\)

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**Answers: **

1. \(2.2\)

2. \(7.7\)

3. \(3.9\)

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