# Area Models Unfolded: How to Multiplying Decimals by Two-digit Whole Numbers

Area models provide a visual representation of multiplication, especially when dealing with decimals and two-digit whole numbers. By breaking down numbers into their place values and representing them as areas, we can simplify complex multiplications. Let's explore this concept using area models.

Visualizing with Area Models:

Imagine a rectangle where the length represents one number and the width represents another. The area of this rectangle will represent the product of these two numbers.

## Multiplying Decimals by Two-digit Whole Numbers Using Area Models

### Example 1:

Multiply \(0.2\) by \(12\).

Solution Process:

1. Break \(12\) into \(10\) and \(2\).

2. Draw a rectangle and partition it into two sections: one representing \(0.2 \times 10\) and the other \(0.2 \times 2\).

3. Calculate the areas of each section.

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**Answer:**

Using the area model, \(0.2 \times 10 = 2\) and \(0.2 \times 2 = 0.4\). Summing these gives \(2.4\).

### Example 2:

Multiply \(0.5\) by \(23\).

Solution Process:

1. Break \(23\) into \(20\) and \(3\).

2. Draw a rectangle and partition it into two sections: one for \(0.5 \times 20\) and the other for \(0.5 \times 3\).

3. Calculate the areas of each section.

**Answer:**

Using the area model, \(0.5 \times 20 = 10\) and \(0.5 \times 3 = 1.5\). Summing these gives \(11.5\).

Using area models to visualize the multiplication of decimals by two-digit numbers offers a clear and intuitive understanding of the process. It helps in breaking down complex multiplications into simpler parts, making calculations more manageable. Whether you’re learning or teaching, area models serve as a powerful tool to grasp the intricacies of decimal multiplication. Dive into the world of area models and watch the magic of multiplication unfold before your eyes!

### Practice Questions:

1. Visualize \(0.3\) multiplied by \(15\) using an area model.

2. How much area represents \(0.4\) multiplied by \(21\)?

3. Use an area model to multiply \(0.1\) by \(32\).

4. Visualize \(0.6\) multiplied by \(14\) using an area model.

5. How much area represents \(0.7\) multiplied by \(11\)?

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**Answers:**

1. \(0.3 \times 10 = 3\) and \(0.3 \times 5 = 1.5\). The total area is \(4.5\).

2. \(0.4 \times 20 = 8\) and \(0.4 \times 1 = 0.4\). The total area is \(8.4\).

3. \(0.1 \times 30 = 3\) and \(0.1 \times 2 = 0.2\). The total area is \(3.2\).

4. \(0.6 \times 10 = 6\) and \(0.6 \times 4 = 2.4\). The total area is \(8.4\).

5. \(0.7 \times 10 = 7\) and \(0.7 \times 1 = 0.7\). The total area is \(7.7\).

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