# How to Use Area Models to Find Equivalent Fractions

Using area models is an effective visual method for finding equivalent fractions. An area model is a rectangle that represents the whole (1) and is divided into equal parts, where each part represents a fractional unit. By dividing the rectangle into different numbers of equal parts and shading the corresponding parts, you can visually demonstrate equivalent fractions.

## A Step-by-step Guide to Using Area Models to Find Equivalent Fractions

Here’s a step-by-step guide to using area models to find equivalent fractions:

**Step 1: Identify the given fraction: **

Determine the fraction for which you want to find an equivalent fraction. For example, let’s choose the fraction \(\frac{2}{3}\).

### Step 2: Draw a rectangle:

Begin by drawing a rectangle that will represent the whole, or 1.

**Step 3: Divide the rectangle into equal parts: **

Divide the rectangle into a number of equal parts representing the denominator of the given fraction. For example, if the given fraction is \(\frac{2}{3}\), divide the rectangle into 3 equal parts.

**Step 4: Shade the appropriate parts: **

Shade the number of parts that correspond to the numerator of the fraction. In our example of \(\frac{2}{3}\), shade 2 out of the 3 equal parts.

**Step 5: Create another area model: **

Draw another rectangle of the same size, representing another whole.

**Step 5: Choose a new denominator: **

Decide on a new denominator for the equivalent fraction you want to find. For example, if you want to find an equivalent fraction with a denominator of 6, you will divide the new rectangle into 6 equal parts.

### Step 6: Divide the new rectangle into different equal parts:

Divide the new rectangle into the chosen number of equal parts, representing the denominator of the new fraction. In our example, divide the new rectangle into 6 equal parts.

**Step 7: Shade equivalent parts: **

Shade the same proportion of parts in the new rectangle as you did in the original rectangle. In our example, since we shaded 2 out of 3 parts in the original rectangle, we will shade 4 out of 6 parts in the new rectangle (because \(\frac{4}{6}\) represents the same proportion as \(\frac{2}{3}\)).

### Step 7: Identify the equivalent fraction:

The shaded parts of the new rectangle represent the equivalent fraction. In our example, we shaded 4 out of 6 equal parts, so the equivalent fraction is \(\frac{4}{6}\).

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