How to Graphs of Rational Functions?

You can graph rational functions in a few simple steps. Read this post to know more about how to graph rational functions.

How to Graphs of Rational Functions?

The rational function is defined as a polynomial coefficient that denominator has a degree of at least \(1\). In other words, there must be a variable in the denominator. The general form of a rational function is \(\frac{p(x)}{q(x)}\). where \(p(x)\) and \(q(x)\) are polynomials and \(q(x)≠0\).

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Step-by-step guide to graphs of rational functions

It can be challenging to draw graphs of rational functions. Finding the asymptotes and intercepts is a fine place to begin when attempting to graph a rational function.

Graphing rational functions involves a series of steps:

  • Determine if the rational function has any asymptotes
  • Asymptotes should be drawn as dotted lines.
  • Find the rational function’s \(x\) and \(y\)-intercepts, if any.
  • Determine the \(y\) values for a variety of \(x\) values.
  • Draw a smooth curve connecting the points by plotting them on a graph. Don’t cross-vertical asymptotes.

Graphs of Rational Functions – Example 1:

Draw a graph of the following function. \(f(x)=\frac{3x+6}{x-1}\)

First, we need to determine the vertical asymptotes:

\(x-1=0 → x=1 \)

And the horizontal asymptote is:

\(y=\frac{3}{1}=3\)

Then, the \(x\)-intercepts will be,

\(3x+6=0 → 3x=-6 → x=-\frac{6}{3}=-2\) , the \(x\)-intercepts is \((-2,0)\)

The \(y\)-intercept is:

\(f(0)=\frac{3(0)+6}{0-1}\) → \(f(0)=\frac{6}{-1}=-6\) , the \(y\)-intercepts is \((0,-6)\)

We need to find more points on the function and graph the function.

Now, putting all this together gives the following graph.

Exercises for Graphs of Rational Functions

Draw a graph of the following function.

  • \(\color{blue}{f(x)=\frac{9}{x^2-9}}\)
This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is Graphing-Rational-Expressions-Example-3-1.png
  • \(\color{blue}{f(x)=\frac{4x^2+x}{2x^2+x}}\)
This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is Graphing-Rational-Expressions-Example-3-1.png
  • \(\color{blue}{f(x)=\frac{x-2}{x^2-3x-4}}\)
This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is Graphing-Rational-Expressions-Example-3-1.png
This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is answers.png

  • \(\color{blue}{f(x)=\frac{9}{x^2-9}}\)
  • \(\color{blue}{f(x)=\frac{4x^2+x}{2x^2+x}}\)
  • \(\color{blue}{f(x)=\frac{x-2}{x^2-3x-4}}\)
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