How to Solve Coterminal Angles and Reference Angles? (+FREE Worksheet!)

If you want to learn how to solve Coterminal angles and Reference angles problems, you are in the right place.

How to Solve Coterminal Angles and Reference Angles? (+FREE Worksheet!)

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Step by step guide to solve Coterminal Angles and Reference Angles Problems

  • Coterminal angles are equal angles.
  • To find a coterminal of an angle, add or subtract \(360\) degrees (or \(2π\) for radians) to the given angle.
  • Reference angle is the smallest angle that you can make from the terminal side of an angle with the \(x\)-axis.

Coterminal Angles and Reference Angles – Example 1:

Find positive and negative coterminal angles to angle \(65^\circ\).

Solution:

\(65^\circ-360^\circ=-295^\circ \)
\( 65^\circ+360^\circ=425^\circ \)
\( -295^\circ\) and a \(425^\circ\) are coterminal with a \(65^\circ\).

Coterminal Angles and Reference Angles – Example 2:

Find a positive and negative coterminal angle to angle \(\frac{π}{2}\).

Solution:

\(\frac{π}{2}+2π=\frac {π+(2 ×2π) } {2} =\frac {π+4 π }{2}= \frac{5π}{2} \)
\( \frac{π}{2}-2π= \frac {π-(2 ×2π) } {2} =\frac {π-4 π }{2}= -\frac{3π}{2 }\)

Coterminal Angles and Reference Angles – Example 3:

Find positive and negative coterminal angles to angle \(70^\circ\).

Solution:

\(70^\circ-360^\circ=-290^\circ \)
\(70^\circ+360^\circ=430^\circ \)
\( -290^\circ\) and a \(430^\circ\) are coterminal with a \(70^\circ\).

Coterminal Angles and Reference Angles – Example 4:

Find positive and negative coterminal angles to angle \(\frac{π}{4}\).

Solution:

\(\frac{π}{4}+2π= \frac {π+(4 ×2π) } {4} =\frac {π+8π }{4} =\frac{9π}{4 }\)
\( \frac{π}{4}-2π= \frac {π-(4 ×2π) } {4} =\frac {π-8 π }{4} =-\frac{7π}{4 }\)

Exercises for Solving Coterminal Angles and Reference Angles

Find a coterminal angle between \(0\) and \(2π\) for each given angle.

  • \(\color{blue}{\frac{14π}{5}=} \\ \)
  • \(\color{blue}{-\frac{16π}{9}=} \\ \)
  • \(\color{blue}{\frac{41π}{18}=} \\ \)
  • \(\color{blue}{-\frac{19π}{12}=} \)
  • \(\color{blue}{\frac{4π}{5}} \\ \)
  • \(\color{blue}{\frac{2π}{9}} \\ \)
  • \(\color{blue}{\frac{5π}{18}} \\ \)
  • \(\color{blue}{\frac{5π}{12}}\)

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