Polynomial Identity

Polynomial identity is a mathematical fact that helps us to quickly solve expressions that contain large numbers and powers. In this guide, you will learn more about polynomial identity.

Polynomial Identity

Polynomial identities are equations that hold true for all possible values of the variable. When solving problems with polynomial identities, identify the pattern to see if the form is simplified or factored form, and then apply the identity and solve.

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Step by step guide to polynomial identity

Polynomial identity refers to an equation that is always true regardless of the values assigned to the variables. We use polynomial identities to expand or factorize polynomials.

We must learn polynomial identities in mathematics. Four important identities of the polynomial are listed below.

  • \(\color{blue}{\left(a\:+\:b\right)^2=\:a^2+\:2ab\:+\:b^2}\)
  • \(\color{blue}{\left(a\:−\:b\right)^2=\:a^2−\:2ab\:+\:b^2}\)
  • \(\color{blue}{\left(a\:+\:b\right)\left(a\:−\:b\right)\:=\:a^2−\:b^2}\)
  • \(\color{blue}{\left(x\:+\:a\right)\left(x\:+\:b\right)\:=\:x^2+\:x\left(a\:+\:b\right)\:+\:ab}\)

Apart from the simple polynomial identities mentioned above, there are other identities of polynomials. Here are some of the most common polynomial identities used:

  • \(\color{blue}{\left(a\:+\:b\:+\:c\right)^2=\:a^2+\:b^2+\:c^2+\:2ab\:+\:2bc\:+\:2ca}\)
  • \(\color{blue}{\left(a\:+\:b\right)^3=\:a^3+\:3a^2b\:+\:3ab^2+\:b^3}\)
  • \(\color{blue}{\left(a\:−\:b\right)^3=\:a^3−\:3a^2b+\:3ab^2−\:b^3}\)
  • \(\color{blue}{\left(a\right)^3+\:\left(b\right)^3=\:\left(a\:+\:b\right)\left(a^2−\:ab\:+\:b^2\right)}\)
  • \(\color{blue}{\left(a\right)^3−\:\left(b\right)^3=\:\left(a\:−\:b\right)\left(a^2+\:ab\:+\:b^2\right)}\)
  • \(\color{blue}{\left(a\right)^3+\:\left(b\right)^3+\:\left(c\right)^3−\:3abc\:=\:\left(a\:+\:b\:+\:c\right)\left(a^2+\:b^2+\:c^2−\:ab\:−\:bc−ca\right)}\)

Polynomial Identity – Example 1:

Using polynomial identities, find \(\left(3x\:-2y\right)^2\).

Solution:

To solve polynomial, use this identity: \(\left(a\:−\:b\right)^2=\:a^2−\:2ab\:+\:b^2\)

Here, \(a=3x\) and \(b=2y\).

Then: \(\left(3x\:−\:2y\right)^2=\:\left(3x\right)^2−\:2\left(3x\right)\left(2y\right)+\left(2y\right)^2=\:9x^2−\:12xy\:+\:4y^2\)

Therefore, \(\left(3x\:−\:2y\right)^2=\:9x^2−\:12xy\:+\:4y^2\)

Exercises for Polynomial Identity

Simplify each expression.

  1. \(\color{blue}{\left(6x\:+\:5y\right)^2\:+\:\left(6x\:-\:5y\right)^2}\)
  2. \(\color{blue}{\left(4x^3-3\right)^2}\)
  3. \(\color{blue}{\left(2x^2+y^3\right)^2\left(3x^2+y^3\right)}\)
  4. \(\color{blue}{\left(5x-2y\right)^3}\)
This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is answers.png
  1. \(\color{blue}{72x^2+50y^2}\)
  2. \(\color{blue}{16x^6-24x^3+9}\)
  3. \(\color{blue}{12x^6+16x^4y^3+4x^2y^6+3y^6x^2+y^9}\)
  4. \(\color{blue}{\:125x^3-150x^2y+60xy^2-8y^3}\)

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