# How to Add and Subtract Integers Integers are whole numbers and their opposites and zero. Here you can learn how to add and subtract integers.

## Step by step guide to add and subtract integers

• Integers include: zero, counting numbers, and the negative of the counting numbers. $$\{… , – \ 3, – \ 2, – \ 1, 0, 1, 2, 3 , …\}$$
• Add a positive integer by moving to the right on the number line.
• Add a negative integer by moving to the left on the number line.
• Subtract an integer by adding its opposite.

### Adding and Subtracting Integers – Example 1:

Solve. $$(- \ 2) \ – \ (- \ 6)=$$

Solution:

Keep the first number, and convert the sign of the second number to it’s opposite. (change subtraction into addition). Then: $$(- \ 2) \ \color{blue}{+} \ 6=4$$

### Adding and Subtracting Integers – Example 2:

Solve. $$8 \ + \ (12 \ – \ 20)=$$

Solution:

First subtract the numbers in brackets, $$12 \ – \ 20= \ – \ 8$$
Then: $$8 \ + \ (- \ 8)= \ →$$ change addition into subtraction: $$8 \ \color{blue}{-} \ 8=0$$

### Adding and Subtracting Integers – Example 3:

Solve. $$(-8)-(-5)=$$

Solution:

Keep the first number and convert the sign of the second number to its opposite. (change subtraction into addition). Then: $$(-8) \color{blue}{+} 5= \ -3$$

### Adding and Subtracting Integers – Example 4:

Solve. $$10+(4-8)=$$

Solution:

First subtract the numbers in brackets, $$4-8= \ -4$$
Then: $$10+(-4)= →$$ change addition into subtraction: $$10 \color{blue}{-} 4=6$$

## Exercises for Adding and Subtracting Integers –

### Find the sum and the difference.

1. $$\color{blue}{(– 12) + (– 4)}$$
2. $$\color{blue}{5 + (– 24)}$$
3. $$\color{blue}{4 + (– 30) + (45 – 34)}$$
4. $$\color{blue}{( – 14) – (– 9) – (18)}$$
5. $$\color{blue}{( – 9) – (– 25)}$$
6. $$\color{blue}{(55) – (– 5) + (– 4)}$$

1. $$\color{blue}{-16}$$
2. $$\color{blue}{-19}$$
3. $$\color{blue}{-15}$$
4. $$\color{blue}{-23}$$
5. $$\color{blue}{16}$$
6. $$\color{blue}{56}$$ 36% OFF

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