# How to Solve Word Problems to Identify Independent and Dependent Variables

In this article, you will learn how to solve word problems to identify independent and dependent variables.

**A step-by-step guide to** **solving word problems to identify independent and dependent variables**

An Independent variable is one whose value does not depend on the other variable.

The dependent variable is the one whose value depends on the other variable.

To solve a word problem, first, you must list the information and then find the independent variable and dependent variable.

Here’s a step-by-step guide to solving word problems to identify independent and dependent variables:

Step 1: Read the problem carefully. Make sure you understand what is being asked in the problem. Look for keywords that will help you identify the variables, such as “depends on”, “varies with”, or “changes according to”.

Step 2: Identify the variables. Look for two variables in the problem – the independent variable and the dependent variable. The independent variable is the one that is being manipulated or changed in the problem, while the dependent variable is the one that is affected by the independent variable.

Step 3: Determine the relationship between the variables. Look for clues in the problem to help you determine the relationship between the variables. For example, if the problem says that “the cost of the ticket depends on the number of people attending”, then the independent variable is the number of people attending, and the dependent variable is the cost of the ticket. In this case, the more people attend, the higher the cost of the ticket.

Step 4: Write the equation. Once you have identified the independent and dependent variables and determined the relationship between them, you can write an equation to represent the problem. For example, if the problem states that “the temperature of the water varies with the amount of heat applied”, you can write the equation as Temperature = f(Heat).

Step 5: Solve the problem. Once you have the equation, you can use it to solve the problem. For example, if the problem asks you to find the temperature of the water when a certain amount of heat is applied, you can substitute the given value for heat in the equation and solve for temperature.

By following these steps, you can easily identify the independent and dependent variables in a word problem and solve it efficiently.

**Solve Word Problems to Identify Independent and Dependent Variables – Example 1**

Meg is making sandwiches to sell.

The number of hotdogs she needs to use will affect how many the number of sandwiches she makes.

s\(=\)The number of sandwiches she makes.

h\(=\)The number of hotdogs she needs to use.

Which of the variables is independent and which is dependent?

Solution:

Find the dependent variable. Since the number of sandwiches depends on how many hotdogs to use, the number of sandwiches is the dependent variable.

So, s is the dependent variable.

Since the number of hotdogs, does not depend on how many sandwiches she makes; the hotdogs are the independent variable.

So, h is the independent variable.

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