Full-Length MCAS 6 Math Practice Test-Answers and Explanations

Full-Length MCAS 6 Math Practice Test-Answers and Explanations

Did you take the MCAS 6 Math Practice Test? If so, then it’s time to review your results to see where you went wrong and what areas you need to improve.

MCAS 6 Math Practice Test Answers and Explanations

1- Choice B is correct
Plug in the value of \(x\) and \(y\) and use order of operations rule. \(x=2\) and \(y=-3\)
\(5(4x-3y)-7y^2=5(4(2)-3(-3))-7(-3)^2=5(8+9)-7(9)=5(17)-63=85-63=22\)

2- Choice C is correct
For one hour he earns $18, then for t hours he earns $18t. If he wants to earn at least $78, therefor, the number of working hours multiplied by 18 must be equal to 78 or more than 78.
\(18t≥78\)

3- Choice B is correct
\((108-(3×9))÷9=9^3÷81=9\)

4- Choice B is correct
The ratio of boy to girls is 3 ∶ 5. Therefore, there are 3 boys out of 8 students. To find the answer, first divide the total number of students by 8, then multiply the result by 3.
\(240÷8=30 ⇒ 30×3=90\)

5- Choice A is correct
Probability\(=\frac{number \space of \space desired \space outcomes}{number \space of \space total \space outcomes}=\frac{9}{9+15+14+16}=\frac{9}{54}\frac{1}{6}=0.16\)

6- Choice D is correct
Let’s compare each fraction: \(\frac{2}{3}<\frac{3}{4}<\frac{7}{9}<\frac{4}{5}\) Only choice D provides the right order.

7- Choice B is correct
Let \(y\) be the width of the rectangle. Then; \(14×y=84→y=\frac{84}{16}=6\)

8- Choice B is correct
\(4×\frac{5}{16}=\frac{20}{16}=1.25\)
A. \(1.25>2\)
B. \(1<1.25<2\) This is the answer!
C. \(\frac{3}{8}=1.25\)
D. \(1.25=2^2\)

9- Choice B is correct
In any rectangle, The measure of the sum of all the angles equals \(180^\circ\).

10- Choice C is correct
\(\frac{824}{17}=48.5\)

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11- The answer is \(7^2\).
\(588=2^2×3^1×7^2\)

12- Choice B is correct
The area of the trapezoid is: Area \(=\frac{base \space 1+base \space 2}{2}×height=\frac{12+10}{2}x=A→ 11x=A→x=\frac{A}{11}\)

13- Choice B is correct
\(\frac{72}{8}=9, \frac{648}{72}=9, \frac{5,832}{648}=9\), Therefore, the factor is 9.

14- Choice C is correct
Simplify each option provided.
A. \(13-(3×6)+(7×(-6))=13-18+(-42)=-5-42=-47\)
B. \((\frac{25}{400})+(\frac{7}{50})=\frac{25}{400}+\frac{56}{400}=\frac{81}{400}\)
C. \(((22×\frac{30}{6})-(7×\frac{144}{12}))×\frac{18}{2}=(110-84)×9=26×9=234\) (this is the answer)
D. \((\frac{6}{24}+\frac{12}{33})-50=(\frac{1}{4}+\frac{1}{3})-50=(\frac{3}{12}+\frac{4}{12})-50=\frac{7}{12}-50=\frac{-593}{15}\)

15- Choice D is correct
To find the discount, multiply the number (\(100\%\)- rate of discount)
Therefore; \(450(100\%-16\%)=450(1-0.16)=450-(450×0.16)\)

16- Choice A is correct
1,400 out of 11,900 equals to \(\frac{1,400}{11,900}=\frac{200}{1,700}=\frac{2}{17}\)

17- Choice C is correct
The opposite of Nicolas’s integer is \(25\). So, the integer is \(-25\). The absolute value of \(25\) is also \(25\).

18- Choice B is correct
Volume of a box = length × width × height = 7 × 4 × 12 = 336

19- Choice C is correct
1 yard = 3 feet, Therefore, \(33,759 ft×\frac{1 \space yd}{3 \space ft}=11,253\) yd

20- Choice B is correct
\(16\%\) of the volume of the solution is alcohol. Let \(x\) be the volume of the solution.
Then: \(16\%\) of \(x=38\) ml ⇒ \(0.16x=38 ⇒ x=38÷0.16=237.5\)

21- Choice C is correct
\((-2)(9x-8)=(-2)(9x)+(-2)(-8)=-18x+16\)

22- Choice D is correct
1 pt = 16 fluid ounces. \(576÷16=36\)
Then: 576 fluid ounces = 36 pt

23- Choice D is correct
1 kg = 1000 g and 1 g = 1000 mg,
120 kg = 120 × 1000 g = 120 × 1000 × 1000 = 120,000,000 mg

24- Choice C is correct
The diameter of a circle is twice the radius. Radius of the circle is \(\frac{14}{2}=7\).
Area of a circle \(= πr^2=π(7)^2=49π=49×3.14=153.86≅153.9\)

25- Choice B is correct
Average (mean) \(=\frac{sum \space of \space terms}{number \space of \space terms}=\frac{15+17+12+16+21+23}{6}=\frac{104}{6}=17.33\)

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26- Choice C is correct
Prime factorizing of \(18=2×3×3\), Prime factorizing of \(24=2×2×2×3\)
LCM \(= 2×2×2×3×3=72\)

27- Choice B is correct
The coordinate plane has two axes. The vertical line is called the \(y\)-axis and the horizontal is called the \(x\)-axis. The points on the coordinate plane are address using the form \((x,y)\). The point A is one unit on the left side of \(x\)-axis, therefore its \(x\) value is 4 and it is two units up, therefore its \(y\) axis is 2. The coordinate of the point is: (4, 2)

28- Choice B is correct
\(α\) and \(β\) are supplementary angles. The sum of supplementary angles is 180 degrees.
\(α+β=180^\circ→α=180^\circ-β=180^\circ-125^\circ=55^\circ,\) Then, \(\frac{α}{β}=\frac{55}{125}=\frac{11}{25}\)

29- Choice C is correct
Opposite number of any number \(x\) is a number that if added to \(x\), the result is 0. Then:
\(7+(-7)=0\) and \(4+(-4)=0\)

30- Choice C is correct
\(16=-129+x\), First, subtract 129 from both sides of the equation. Then:
\(16+129=-129+x+129 →145=x\)

31- Choice D is correct
\(-5<2x+7≤3\)→ (add (\(-7\))all sides) \((-7)+(-5)<2x+7+(-7)≤3+(-7) \) →\(-12<2x≤-4\)→(divide all sides by 2),\(-6<x≤-2\)
In inequality \(-6<x≤-2\), \(x\) is fewer or equal to \(-2\) and more than \(-6\). Only choice D represent the same inequality on the number line.

32- Choice B is correct
A. Number of books sold in April is: \(690\)
Number of books sold in July is: \(1,150→ \frac{690}{1,150}≠2\)
B. Number of books sold in July is: \(1,150\)
Half the number of books sold in May is: \(\frac{1,150}{2}=575→690>575\) (it’s correct)
C. Number of books sold in June is: \(375\)
Half the number of books sold in April is: \(\frac{690}{3}=230→240<375\)
D. \(690+375=1,065>1,150\)

33- Choice B is correct
\(51∶18=17∶6, 17×3=51\) and \(8×3=18\)

34- Choice A is correct
There are 6 integers from 9 to 15. Set of numbers that are not composite between 9 and 15 is: { 11, 13}, 2 integers are not composite. Probability of not selecting a composite number is: Probability \(= \frac{number \space of \space desired \space outcomes}{number \space of \space total \space outcomes}=\frac{2}{6}=\frac{1}{3}\)

35- Choice A is correct
Number of biology book: 20, Total number of books; \(20+59+36=115\)
The ratio of the number of biology books to the total number of books is: \(\frac{20}{115}=\frac{4}{23}\)

36- Choice B is correct
A. \(\frac{5}{8}<0.8 →\frac{5}{8}=0.6\). Therefore, this inequality is not correct.
B. \(23\%<\frac{2}{3} →23\%= 0.23, \frac{2}{3}=0.66\), Therefore \(0.23<0.66\).
C. \(8<\frac{18}{3} →\frac{18}{3}=6\). Therefore, this inequality is not correct.
D. \(0.6>\frac{7}{9} →\frac{7}{9}=0.77→0.77>0.6\), this inequality is not correct.

37- Choice A is correct
\(38÷2=19\)

38- The answer is 0.38
38 percent = 0.38

39- Choice B is correct
Let’s write the inequality for each statement.
A. \(\frac{x}{19}<9\)
B. \(\frac{9}{x}≤19\) This is the inequality provided in the question.
C. \(\frac{x}{9}≤19\)
D. \(\frac{x}{9}<19\)

40- Choice C is correct
Since, E is the midpoint of AB, then the area of all triangles DAE, DEF, CFE and CBE are equal. Total area of ABCD is 180. So, the area of each triangle is \(180÷4=45\)
The area of the triangle ADE is: 45

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