How to Solve Double Angle Identities?

A double angle formula is a trigonometric identity that expresses the trigonometric function \(2θ\) in terms of trigonometric functions \(θ\). In this step-by-step guide, you will learn more about the double angle formulas.

How to Solve Double Angle Identities?

The double angle formulas are used to find the values of double angles of trigonometric functions using their single angle values. Also, the double angle formulas can be used to derive the triple angle formulas.

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Step by step guide to double angle formulas

The double angle formulas are the special cases of the sum formulas of trigonometry and some alternative formulas are derived by using the Pythagorean identities. The sum formulas of trigonometry are:

  • \(\color{blue}{sin\:\left(A\:+B\right)=sin\:A\:cos\:B\:+\:cos\:A\:sin\:B}\)
  • \(\color{blue}{cos\:\left(A\:+\:B\right)=\:cos\:A\:cos\:B\:-\:sin\:A\:sin\:B}\)
  • \(\color{blue}{tan\:\left(A\:+\:B\right)=\:\frac{\left(tan\:A\:+\:tan\:B\right)}{\left(1\:-\:tan\:A\:tan\:B\right)}}\)

What are double angle formulas?

We derive double-angle formulas of \(sin, cos,\) and \(tan\) by substituting \(A=B\) in each of the above-sum formulas. Also, we will extract some alternative formulas that are derived using Pythagorean identities.

Double Angle Formulas – Example 1:

If \(tan A= \frac{3}{5}\), find the values of \(sin\:2A\).

Solution:

Since the value of \(tan\:A\) is given, we use the double angle formulas for finding \(sin\:2A\).

\(sin\:2A=\frac{2\:tan\:A}{1+tan^2A}\)

\(=\frac{2\left(\frac{3}{5}\right)^2}{1+\left(\frac{3}{5}\right)^2}\)

\(=\frac{\frac{18}{25}}{\frac{34}{25}}\)

\(=\frac{18\times 25}{25\times 34}\)

\(=\frac{9}{17}\)

Exercises for Double Angle Formulas

  1. Find a formula for \(cos(4x)\) in terms of \(cos x\).
  2. Solve the equation \(sin\:2x\:=\:cos\:x,\:0\:\le \:x\:<\pi\).
This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is answers.png
  1. \(\color{blue}{8\:cos^4x-8\:cos^2x+1}\)
  2. \(\color{blue}{x=\frac{\pi }{2},\frac{\pi }{6},\frac{5\pi }{6}}\)

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